BEYOND NEWTON AND ARCHIMEDES BEYOND NEWTON AND ARCHIMEDES

Ajay Sharma, India

Taking into account the current experimental and technological accomplishments and theoretical methods, this book stresses the basic laws of science, i.e. Archimedes principle, Newtons' laws, need to be generalized.. Generalization of the laws and principle are inevitable. Newton did not discover the Second Law of Motion F = ma. This is is clear from the critical study of the Principia. The 2265 years old Archimedes principle has limitations that it does not take into account the shape of the body and the viscosity of the medium under consideration. The Archimedes principle predicts that the volume of the medium filling a floating balloon/vessel becomes indeterminate, i.e. 0/0.These are serious limitations of the principle. Archimedes principle is generalized (up thrust is proportional weight of fluid displaced), the generalized form takes all elusive factors in account.

In the existing literature there is no quantitative theory which may explain the phenomena of rising, falling and floating bodies quantitatively. Such a theory is described in the book for first time.

Further background of Newton's laws of motion is discussed since days of Aristotle (384-322BC), Philiponnus (490-570), Buridan (1300-1358) and Galileo (1564-1642). The First Law of Motion is applicable under ideal conditions when resistive forces are not present in the system of the body and the medium. The Second Law of Motion is just the mathematical form of Newton's First Law of Motion. Newton's Third Law of Motion has been restated as 'to every action there is opposite reaction but it may or may not be equal.'

Contents

1. 2360 Years Old Aristotle's Assertion Revalidated by Stokes Law

2. Construction of Water, Glycerine

and Ethyl Alcohol Barometers

3. Archimedes Principle: The Oldest Established Law

4. The Generalized Form of Archimedes Principle

5. Prediction of Indeterminate Form Of Volume From

6. Archimedes Principle Is Stokes Law Applicable for Rising Bodies?

7. Limitation of Existing Theories and an Alternate Theory of Rising, Falling and Floating Bodies

8. Route to Newton's Laws of Motion

9. Experimental Confirmations of Equations of Conservation Laws in Elastic Collisions

10. Elastic Collisions in One Dimension and Newton's Third Law of Motion